Congressman John Conyers, D-Michigan, introduces a newly revised bill H.R. 40, Commission to Study and Develop Reparation Proposals for African-Americans Act, which was initially proposed to the House of Representatives in 1989 and every year since. The bill was introduced “[to] address the fundamental injustice, cruelty, brutality, and inhumanity of slavery in the United States and the 13 American colonies between 1619 and 1865 and to establish a commission to study and consider a national apology and proposal for reparations for the institution of slavery, its subsequent de jure and de facto racial and economic discrimination against African-Americans, and the impact of these forces on living African-Americans, to make recommendations to the Congress on appropriate remedies, and for other purposes.” (Preamble)

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