Created in 1966 by the founders of the Black Panther Party, Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale, the Ten-Point Program (also known as the Black Panther Party for Self-Defense Ten-Point Platform and Program) is released on May 15, 1967 in the second issue of the Party’s weekly newspaper The Black Panther.

The Program called for, among other things, the power to determine the destiny of the Black Community; full employment; decent housing; an immediate end to police brutality and murder of Black people; and, in the “What We Believe” section, there is this:

We believe that this racist government has robbed us and now we are demanding the overdue debt of forty acres and two mules. Forty acres and two mules was promised 100 years ago as redistribution for slave labor and mass murder of Black people. We will accept the payment in currency which will be distributed to our many communities: the Germans are now aiding the Jews in Israel for genocide of the Jewish people. The Germans murdered 6,000,000 Jews. The American racist has taken part in the slaughter of over 50,000,000 Black people; therefore, we feel that this is a modest demand that we make.




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