In 1891, Callie House comes across Walter Vaughan’s pamphlet entitled “Freedmen’s Pension Bill: A Plea for American Freedom” and helps to formulate the call for reparations.



Reference: Deadria C. Farmer-Paellmann, Excerpt from Black Exodus: The Ex-Slave Pension Movement Reader in Should America Pay?: Slavery and the Raging Debate on Reparations (ed. Raymond A. Winbush, PhD 2003) at pp. 27-29

Raymond A. Winbush, Belinda’s Petition: A Concise History of Reparations For The TransAtlantic Slave Trade(2009) at pp. 37-39

Adjoa A. Aiyetoro & Adrienne D. Davis, Historic and Modern Social Movements for Reparations: The National Coalition for Reparations in America (N’COBRA) and its Antecedents, Washington University in St. Louis School of Law Legal Studies Research Paper Series Paper No. 10-06-08 (June 18, 2010), 16 Tex. Wesleyan L. Rev. 687 (2010) at text accompanying notes 35-77

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