On July 9, 1868, the Fourteenth Amendment (Amendment XIV) to the US Constitution is adopted, nullifying the US Supreme Court’s decision in Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) with this language: “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.”

 

 

Reference:  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fourteenth_Amendment_to_the_United_States_Constitution

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