Resisting the pressure, African ministers develop the Dakar Declaration, affirming:
- The slave trade is a unique tragedy in the history of humanity, particularly against Africans, a crime against humanity that is unparalleled, not only in its abhorrent barbaric feature but also in terms of its enormous magnitude, its institutionalized nature, its transnational dimension, and especially its negation of the human nature of the victims.
- That the consequences of this tragedy, accentuated by those of colonialism and apartheid, have resulted in substantial and lasting economic, political, and cultural damage caused to the descendants of the victims, the perpetuation of the prejudice against Africans on the continent and people of African descent in the Diaspora.
- That States that pursued racist policies or acts of racial discrimination, such as slavery, colonialism, and apartheid, should assume their full responsibilities and provide adequate reparations to those States, communities, and individuals who were victims of such racist policies or acts, regardless of when or by whom they were committed.
(United Nations Economic and Social Council, E/CN.4/1995, 1811)
Reference: Conrad W. Worrill, The National Black United Front and the Reparations Movement,in Should America Pay?: Slavery and the Raging Debate on Reparations(ed. Raymond A. Winbush, PhD 2003) at pp. 206-07Back to Timeline