The Pawnees were awarded more than $1 million in a suit brought before the Indian Claims Commission for land taken from them in Iowa, Kansas, and Missouri (Race, Racism, and Reparations by J. Angelo Corlett, 2003, Cornell University Press, p. 170). March 23, 2019 No Comments Back to Timeline Related Previous Post Next Post You may also like March 23, 2019 The Supreme Court, in a 4-4 deadlock, let stand a lower court’s order that the state of Washington make billions of dollars worth of repairs to roads, where the state had built culverts below road channels and structures in a way that prevented salmon from swimming through and reaching their spawning grounds, that had damaged the state’s salmon habitats and contributed to population loss. The case involved the Stevens Treaties, a series of agreements in 1854-55, in which tribes in Washington State gave up millions of acres of land in exchange for “the right to take fish.” Implicit in the treaties, courts would later rule, was a guarantee that there would be enough fish for the tribes to harvest. Destroying the habitat reduces the population and thus violates these treaties. This decision directly affects the Swinomish Tribe (“A Victory For A Tribe That’s Lost Its Salmon” by John Eligon, The New York Times, June 12, 2018). June 29, 2018 In February 2016, after spending a week meeting with African Americans across the United States, including in Baltimore, Chicago, New York City, D.C. and Jackson, Mississippi, the U.N. Working Group of Experts on People of African Descent releases its recommendations, urging the US to consider reparations to African Americans whose ancestors were enslaved as part of trans-Atlantic slave trade. June 29, 2018 On October 15, 1994, the December I2th Movement International Secretariat (IS) and the International Association Against Torture (AICT, Spanish acronym) hold a tribunal, at the Abyssinian Baptist Church in Harlem. More than 80 testify. More than 150 presentations are prepared for Maurice Glele, Special Rapporteur on Contemporary Forms of Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance.