The Sub-Commission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights (Sub-Commission), appoints Theo van Boven, from the Netherlands, as special rapporteur to study restitution, compensation, and rehabilitation for victims of gross violations of human rights and fundamental freedoms.

Van Boven’s report (E.CN.4/Sub.2/1993/8, July 2, 1993) finds historical precedents for the reparations received by the Jewish victims of the Nazi Holocaust and by US citizens of Japanese descent incarcerated during World War II. As for the issue of reparations for descendants of victims of slavery, van Boven states, “It would be difficult and complex to construe and uphold a legal obligation to pay compensation to the descendants of the victims of the slave trade and other early forms of slavery…. I agree that effective affirmative action is called for in appropriate circumstances as a moral duty.” (Van Boven report para. 24)

The December I2th Movement International Secretariat (IS) and Lift Every Voice, Inc. (LEVI) lodge objection.

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