The title of the World Conference Against Racism (WCAR), proposed by the December I2th Movement International Secretariat (IS) in 1993, is expanded to include Xenophobia and Related Intolerance as part of a compromise reached with Western countries.

And, in December 1997, the United Nations General Assembly agrees to hold the World Conference Against Contemporary Forms of Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia, and Related Intolerance.

Groups with official non-governmental organization (NGO) status with the United Nations—(i) the December 12th Movement International Secretariat (IS); (ii) the International Association Against Torture (AICT, Spanish acronym); and (iii) North South XXI–are instrumental in persuading the UN to hold the conference, now with expanded title, in 2001.


Reference: Roger Wareham, The Popularization of the International Demand for Reparations for African People,in Should America Pay?: Slavery and the Raging Debate on Reparations(ed. Raymond A. Winbush, PhD 2003) at pp. 228-29

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